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JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH
E & T - RAW
Energy and Transmutation of RadioActive Waste

Journal articles and Preprints

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

2014

47. Activation of 197 Au and 209Bi in fast spectrum sub-critical assembly composed of 500 Kg natural uranium irradiated with 1 and 4 GeV deuterons
N.L. Asquith, S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, S. Tyutyunnikov, M. Kadykov, V. Chilap, J. Adam, W. Furman
Annals of Nuclear Energy 63(2014)742750



2013

46.
. . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . .
, .10, N6 (2013)889895



2012

45. Registration of proton induced spallation products of U,Pb and Au in mica track detectors
S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, I. Zhuk, A. Potapenko, W. Westmeier, R. Brandt
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 679(2012)8288

44. Calibration factors for determination of relativistic particle induced fission rates in natU, 235U, 232Th, natPb and 197Au foils
S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, Igor Zhuk, A. Potapenko, M. Kievets, M.I. Krivopustov
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 664(2012)154160

43. Spatial distribution of thorium fission rate in a fast spallation and fission neutron field: An experimental and Monte Carlo study
J.J. Borger, S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, D. Alexiev, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, B. Thomauske, J. Adamd, M. Kadykov, S. Tiutiunnikov
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 664(2012)103110



2011

42. Yttrium as a New Threshold Detector for Fast Neutron Energy Spectrum (>10 MeV) Measurement
M. Bielewicz, S. Kilim, E. Strugalska-Gola, M. Szuta, A. Wojciechowski
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 59, No. 2, August 2011, pp. 2014~2017

41. The study of spallation reactions, neutron production and transport in a thick lead target and uranium blanket during 1.6 and 2.52 GeV deuteron irradiation
O. Svoboda, J. Adam, M. Bielewicz, S. Kilim, A. Krasa, M. I. Krivopustov, M. Majerle, V. I. Stegailov, E. Strugalska-Gola, A. A. Solnyshkin, M. Szuta, V. M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, V. Wagner
Communication of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2011

40. A study of rates of ( n, f ), ( n, ? ), and( n, 2n ) reactions in natU and 232Th produced by the neutron fluence in the graphite setup (GAMMA-3) irradiates by 2.33 GeV deuteron beam
J. Adam, Chitra Bhatia, K. Katovsky, V. Kumar, M. Majerle, V. S. Pronskikh, A. M. Khilmanovich, B. A. Martsynkevich, I. V. Zhuk, V. M. Golovatiouk, W. Westmeier, A. A. Solnyshkin, V. M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, A. S. Potapenko
Preprint of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2011

39. Studies of the neutron field of the Energy plus Transmutation set-up under 4 GeV deuteron irradiation
J. J. Borger, S. R. Hashemi-Nezhad, D. Alexiev, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, B. Thomauske, S. Tiutiunikov, M. Kadykov, V. S. Pronskikh, J. Adame
Radiation Measurements 46 (2011) 1765e1769

38. Optimal ion beam, target type and size for accelerator driven systems: Implications to the associated accelerator power
S. R. Hashemi-Nezhad, W. Westmeier, M. Zamani-Valasiadou, B. Thomauske, R. Brandt
Annals of Nuclear Energy 38 (2011) 11441155

37. Relativistic Nuclear Technology (RNT) for Energy Production and Utilization of Spent Nuclear Fuel. The Results of First Experiments on Physical Justification of RNT
A. Baldin et al.
Preprint of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2011.



2010

36. Neutron production in a Pb/U-setup irradiated with 0.72.5 GeV protons and deuterons
A. Krasa, V. Wagner, M. Majerle, F. Kr?zek, A. Kugler, O. Svoboda, J. Adam, M. I. Krivopustov
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 615 (2010) 7077

35. Study of deep subcritical electronuclear systems and feasibility of their application for energy production and radioactive waste transmutation
"E&T RAW" Collaboration
Communication of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2010: E15-2010-23

34. A feasibility study of nonelastic reactions in thorium and uranium by the spallation neutrons
J. Adam, A. A. Solnyshkin, M. Stefanik, V. M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, L. Zavorka, V. Kumar, Chitra Bhatia, Aruna Bharti, S. K. Gupta
Communication of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2010: E15-2010-23

33. Indirect measurement of inelastic cross section of relativistic protons in Pb target
M. Zamani, S. Stoulos, M. Fragopoulou, M. Manolopoulou, M.I. Krivopustov
Annals of Nuclear Energy 37: 923-926 (2010)

32. Nonlinearity of recoil pulse height events in He-3 tubes
M. Manolopoulou, M. Fragopoulou, S. Stoulos, W. Westmeier, A. Lagogiannis and M. Zamani
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A 618: 284-293 (2010)

31. Performance of a Pb-spallation target surrounded by a U-blanket during irradiations with 1.6 and 2.5 GeV deuteron beams: Comparison with relativistic proton beams
M. Zamani-Valasiadou, M. Fragopoulou, M. Manolopoulou, S. Stoulos, S. Jokic, A. N. Sosnin, M. I. Krivopustov
Annals of Nuclear Energy 37: 241-247 (2010)



2009

30. First results studying the transmutation of 129I, 237Np, 238Pu, and 239Pu in the irradiation of an extended natU/Pb-assembly with 2.52 GeV deuterons
M.I. Krivopustov, A.V. Pavliouk, A.D. Kovalenko, I.I. Mariin, A.F. Elishev, J. Adam, A. Kovalik, Yu. A. Batusov, V.G. Kalinnikov, V.B. Brudanin, P. Chaloun, et al., Collaboration "Energy plus Transmutation"
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 279, No.2 (2009) 567584

29. Neutron production in p + Pb/U at 2 GeV
A. Krasa, A.Kugler, M. Majerle, V. Wagner, J. Adam, M. I. Krivopustov, V.M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, S. I. Vasiliev, I. Zhuk
Communication of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2009: E1-2009-195

28. Monte Carlo meethod in neutron activation
M. Majerle, J.Adam, A.Krasa, S. Peetermans, O. Slama, V. I. Stegailov, O. Svoboda, V. M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, V. Wagner
Preprint of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2009: E11-2009-178

27. Study of spallation reactions, neutron production and transport in thick lead target and uranium blanket irradiated with 0.7 GeV protons
O. Svoboda, J. Adam1, M. Bielewicz, I. Hartwing, S. Kilim, A. Krasa, M. I. Krivopustov, A.Kugler, M. Majerle, E. Strugalska-Gola, M. Szuta, V. M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, V.Wagner, W.Westmeier, A. Wojciechowski, I. Zhuk
Preprint of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 2009: E15-2009-177

26. Hadron Multiplicity studies on a combined Pb-U blanket spallation source: Experimental and simulation benchmark analysis
S. Stoulos, M. Fragopoulou, A. Sosnin, M. Manolopoulou, M. Krivopustov, M. Zamani
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A599: 106-112 (2009)



2008

25. Interactions of Relativistic Heavy Ions in Thick Heavy Element Targets and Some Unresolved Problems
R. Brandt, V.A. Ditlov, K.K. Dwivedi, W. Ensinger, E. Ganssauge, Guo Shi-Lun, M. Haiduc, S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, H.A. Khan, M.I. Krivopustov, R. Odoj, E.A. Pozharova, V.A. Smirnitzki, A.N. Sosnin, W. Westmeier, and M. Zamani-Valasiadou
Physics of Particles and Nuclei Vol. 39, No. 2 (2008) 259-285

24. Determination of natural uranium fission rate in fast spallation and fission neutron field: An experimental and Monte Carlo study
S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, Igor Zhuk, M. Kievets, M.I. Krivopustov, A.N. Sosnin, W. Westmeier, R. Brand
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 591 (2008) 517529

23. Dose measurements around spallation neutron sources
M. Fragopoulou, S. Stoulos, M. Manolopoulou, M. I. Krivopustov, M. Zamani
Rad. Prot. Dosim. 132: 277-282 (2008)

22. Proton and Neutron production from Gamma-2 spallation source irradiated by relativistic proton beams
M. Manolopoulou, S. Stoulos, M. Fragopoulou, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, M. I. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin, S. R. Hashemi-Nezhad, M. Zamani-Valasiadou
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A586: 239-245 (2008)

21. A spallation neutron source based on Pb target surrounded by U Blanket
M. Zamani, M. Fragopoulou, S. Stoulos, M. I. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier and M. Manolopoulou
Radiation measurements 43: S151-S155 (2008)

20. Preliminary results on neutron production from a Pb/U target irradiated by a deuterons beam 1.25 GeV/amu
M. Fragopoulou, M. Manolopoulou, S. Jokic, M. Zamani, M. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin and S. Stoulos
Radiation measurements 43: S215-S218 (2008)



2006

19. Transmutation studies with GAMMA-2 setup using relativistic proton beams of the JINR Nuclotron
J. Adam, A. Balabekyan, V. Bradnova, R. Brandt, V.M. Golovatiouk, K. Katovsky, M.I. Krivopustov, V.G. Kalinnikov, R. Odoj, V.S. Pronskikh, H. Robotham, K. Siemon, A.A. Solnyshkin, V.I. Stegailov, V.M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, N.M. Vladimirova, W. Westmeier
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 562 (2006) 741742

18. Experience gained during 10 years transmutation experiments in Dubna
M. Zamani, M. Fragopoulou, M. Manolopoulou, S. Stoulos, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, M. I. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin, V. Golovatyuk
19 Conference of European Physical Society (EPS) Pavia Italy, September 2005. J. of Physics: Conf. Ser. 41: 475-483 (2006)

17. Shielding around spallation neutron sources
M. Fragopoulou, M. Manolopoulou, S. Stoulos, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, M. Krivopustov, A. Sosnin, S.Golovatyuk and M. Zamani
19 Conference of European Physical Society (EPS) Pavia Italy, September 2005, J. of Physics: Conf. Ser. 41: 514-518 (2006)

16. Studies on the response of He-3 and He-4 proportional counters to monoenergetic fast neutrons
M. Manolopoulou, M. Fragopoulou, S. Stoulos, C. Koukorava, A. Spyrou, G.Perdikakis, S. R. Hashemi-Nezhad, M. Zamani
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A 562: 371-379 (2006)

15. Detection of spallation neutrons and protons using the natCd activation technique in transmutation experiments at Dubna
M. Manolopoulou, S. Stoulos, M. Fragopoulou, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, M. I. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin, M. Zamani
Applied Radiation and Isotopes 64: 823-829 (2006)

14. Spatial distribution of moderated neutrons along a Pb target irradiated by high-energy protons
M. Fragopoulou, M. Manolopoulou, S. Stoulos, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, B. A. Kulakov, M. I. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin, M. Debeauvais, J. C. Adloff and M. Zamani Valasiadou
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A 560: 571-576 (2006)



2005

13. Comparison of the Production Cross Sections of Residual Nuclei in 237Np and 241Am Targets for a Proton Energy of 660 MeV with Model Calculations
J. Adam, A.R. Balabekyan, V.S. Barashenkov, V.G. Kalinnikov, M.I. Krivopustov, V.S. Pronskikh, A.A. Solnyshkin, V.I. Stegailov, V.P. Filinova, V.M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, R. Odoj, S.G. Mashnik, R.E. Prael, K.K. Gudima, and M.I. Baznat
Physics of Particles and Nuclei (Letters) 2/6 (2005) 349

12. Neutron yields from massive lead and uranium targets irradiated with relativistic protons
M. Zamani, M. Fragopoulou, S. Stoulos, M. Manolopoulou, B. A. Kulakov, M.I. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, M. Debeauvais, S. R. Hashemi-Nezhad
Radiation Measurements 40: 410-414 (2005)

11. On the behaviour of spallation neutrons from extended Pb targets plus moderator: A comparison between SSNTD measurements and calculation
M. Fragopoulou, M. Manolopoulou, S. Stoulos, S. Golovatyuk, M. I. Krivopustov, A. N. Sosnin, W. Westmeier, R. Brandt, M. Debeauvais, M. Zamani Valasiadou
Radiation Measurements 40: 460-462 (2005)



2004

10. Study of Product Formation in Proton-Nuclear Reactions on the 129I Target Induced by 660-MeV Protons", (in russisch)
J. Adam et al.
Physics of Elementary Particles and Atomic Nuclei (Letters) 1/4 (2004) 53

9. Neutron measurements by passive methods in the Dubna transmutation assemblies
Stoulos S., Fragopoulou, M., Manolopoulou M., Sosnin A., Krivopustov M., Westmeier W., Brandt R., Debeauvais M., Zamani M.
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A, 519: 651-658 (2004)



2003

8. Spallation neutron production in the new Dubna transmutation assembly
Zamani M., Fragopoulou M., Manolopoulou M., Stoulos S., Spyrou A., Debeauvais M., Brandt R., Westmeier W., Krivopustov M., Sosnin A.
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A, 508: 454-459 (2003)

7. Application of activation methods on the Dubna experimental transmutation set-ups
Stoulos S., Fragopoulou M., J. C. Adloff, Debeauvais M., Brandt R., Westmeier W., Krivopustov M., Sosnin A., Papastefanou C., Zamani M., Manolopoulou M.
Applied Radiation and Isotopes 58: 169-175 (2003)



2002

6. Determination ofenergetic neutron spatial distribution using neutron induced nuclear recoil events
S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, M. Dolleiser, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, R. Odoj, M.I. Krivopustov, B.A. Kulakov, A.N. Sosnin
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 493 (2002) 121130

5. Monte Carlo studies of accelerator driven systems: energy and spatial distribution of neutrons in multiplying and non-multiplying media
S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, V.P. Bamblevski, M.I. Krivopustov, B.A. Kulakov, A.N. Sosnin, J.-S. Wan, R. Odoj
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 482 (2002) 537546

4. Monte Carlo calculations on transmutation oftrans-uranic nuclear waste isotopes using spallation neutrons: difference of lead and graphite moderators
S.R. Hashemi-Nezhad, R. Brandt, W. Westmeier, V.P. Bamblevski, M.I. Krivopustov, B.A. Kulakov, A.N. Sosnin, J.-S. Wan, R. Odoj
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 482 (2002) 547557

3. Precision half-life measurement of 140La with Ge-detector
J. Adam, A.G. Belov, R. Brandt, P. Chaloun, M. Honusek, V.G. Kalinnikov, M.I. Krivopustov, B.A. Kulakov, E.-J. Langrock, V.S. Pronskikh, A.N. Sosnin, V.I. Stegailov, V.M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov, J.-S. Wan, W. Westmeier
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 187 (2002) 419426

2. Monte Carlo modeling of neutron fields generated in U/Pb model assembly irradiated with protons
Sosnin A.N., Krivopustov M.I., Chultem D., Zamani M., Manolopoulou M., Odoj R., Westmeier W., Robotham H., Brandt R., Vater P., Hashemi-Nezhad S. R.
Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Seriya Fizisheskaya 66 (10): 1494-1496 OCT 2002



2001

1. Transmutation of 239Pu with spallation neutrons
J.-S. Wan, E.-J. Langrock, W. Westmeier, P. Vater, R. Brandt, J. Adam, A. Balabekian, V.P. Bamblevski, M.Yu. Barabanov, V. Bradnova, P. Chaloun, V.G. Kalinnikov, V.A. Krasnov, et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 247, No. 1 (2001) 151-157





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